William Abernethy and Elizabeth West
  Northern Ireland and Newcastle area, Northumberland and Durham, England
  1808-1885



There was a settlement at or near Abernethy in Roman times,  and as early as 700 AD it was a place of significant political and religious influence in the Pictish kingdom. Today it is a fairly small village of around 1,000 people.


Abernethys have spread far and wide since those early times, including across the sea to Ireland. When the property valuation survey was conducted in Ireland from 1848-64 it showed 68 Abernethy households in the whole of that country, but 59 of them were in the six northern counties. This concentration of Scottish names in the north strongly suggests that the Abernethys of Northern Ireland immigrated from Scotland as part of the Protestant plantations of the 17th century - an attempt to subdue the northern part of Ireland through settlement by Scottish and English landowners and immigrants.


And so in 1808 we find the birth of two probable descendants of these 17th century immigrants - William Abernethy, born in County Tyrone, and Elizabeth West, born the same year in neighboring County Armagh.

County

Armagh

County

Tyrone

Abernethy

Newcastle-on-Tyne

Gateshead

Edinburgh

SCOTLAND

IRELAND

ENGLAND

We know little of this couple in the early years of their lives, except that they married young in their native Northern Ireland and had a daughter Sarah about 1829, a son William in 1832 and perhaps another child about 1836, who died before they left Ireland. When they emigrated to England some time in the 1830s they settled in the industrial northeast, in the booming port of Newcastle-upon-Tyne. William was a weaver by trade, but the rising demands of industry may have tempted him to more profitable effort, because he put his hand to other work - namely a furnace-man and worker in a chemical factory. There would be sadness and setbacks for the family in those early years in England. Three months before his 6th birthday in 1838, little William died of typhus fever at 2 a.m., Saturday, January 27.


By the spring of 1841, there were three children living with William and Elizabeth in their house in Finkle Street, Newcastle. Irish-born Sarah was by this time 12, and her two little English sisters were Elizabeth age 2 and 4-months-old Mary. By the turn of the half century, three more sons and a daughter had been born to the Abernethys, although son William, born in 1842, did not survive infancy, When another son was born in 1846, he was the third to be named after his father, and the only William to survive to adulthood. By the time the Abernethys’ last daughter, Hannah, arrived in 1851, father William’s widowed mother Ann had also come to live with them from Ireland. She was 67 years old, and Ireland in mid-century was no place to be poor and alone.


As for the Irish-born patriarch of the family, William Abernethy did not live to a great age. He died in 1868 at 60 of chronic bronchitis. His wife, Elizabeth, outlived him by 18 years. One of his sons, William James, fathered 12 children of his own, and his story and those of some of his children begin with the underlined links in the box (left).

William Abernethy, b. 1808 Ireland; d. 1868 England
Elizabeth West, b. 1808 Ireland; d. 1885 England

Children:
Sarah Abernethy - b. 1829 Ireland
William Abernethy - b. 1832, Ireland
Elizabeth Abernethy - b. 1839 Felling, Durham
Mary J. Abernethy - b. 1840 Newcastle
William H. Abernethy - b. 1842 Gateshead
Ann Abernethy - b. 1845 Felling, Durham
William J. Abernethy - b. 1846 Heworth, Durham
John Abernethy - b. 1849 Heworth, Durham
Hannah Abernethy - b. 1851 Heworth, Durhamabernethy_william_james_and_charlton_eliz_1846.htmlshapeimage_10_link_0

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For details of the family tree of William Abernethy and Elizabeth West, click on the WorldConnect icon below. This will open a window for these individuals in the Otterson-Berry family tree at RootsWeb.com, a free site.

The surname Abernethy and its less-common variant Abernathy trace their origins to a 2,000-year-old settlement in south-eastern Perthshire in Scotland. The name is of ancient Pictish origin, and is literally rendered in English as “confluence or mouth of the River Nethy.” In this case, the confluence is with the River Tay, and the Nethy Burn or stream flows past the present village.